rheinmetall 120 mm l55

Recent ammunition includes a range of anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. "Critical Technology Events in the Development of the M1 Abrams". There are two very good answers here, let me elaborate a little with my experience on the matter as a tanker when the Germans were first deciding on the change. [79] The British Army has tested Rheinmetall's longer gun, possibly looking to replace the current L30A1 120 mm L/55 rifled main gun on the Challenger 2. [12] This case is similar to the American decision to replace the M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun with Rheinmetall's 120 mm gun in 1976; the introduction of the T-64A had raised the question within the armor community whether the new ammunition for the existing gun caliber could effectively deal with the new Soviet tank. Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90[31] and South Korea's K1A1. The 120-millimeter (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 meters (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). Army Recognition, [Rheinmetall from Germany unveils new Main Battle Tank MBT with 130mm cannon. [62], Due to tank sales, Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has been manufactured for other nations. Add to cart. Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. Jane's Armour & Artillery Upgrades (subscription). Originally the gun ha… [63] The M1 Abrams can use the M1028 canister round, which is an anti-personnel/anti-helicopter munition, packed with over 1,000 tungsten balls. The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. [54] The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. The cap allows the round to impact and embed itself in concrete, then exploding inside the target and causing more damage. "The Spanish Leopard 2E: A Magnificent Tool". [15] However, the German Army was interested in a tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition. Canada, Finland, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 11:27. It can also be found on tanks produced by Japan, South Korea, and Turkey. Simple: Because the L-55 did not exist when the Abrams was built. [21] Instead, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall's 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun. [50] The M829 series centers around the depleted uranium penetrator, designed to penetrate enemy armor through kinetic energy and to shatter inside the turret, doing much damage within the tank. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under … Originally, the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy penetrator, based on the Israeli 105 mm M111 Hetz which itself was a licensed copy of the American M735 round. [26] The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 560 millimetres (22 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). [23] The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,600 lb),[24] and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,310 lb),[25] while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. Muzzle of a Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 tank gun on a Spanish Leopard 2E. [3] The gun has also been exported to South Korea and Japan for their indigenous tank designs, as well as other nations that have procured the Leopard 2 and the M1 Abrams. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. In 2006, a single Challenger 2 was fitted with the L55 for trials under the Challenger Lethality Improvement Programme and although the army was impressed the project proceeded no further as funding was prioritised to meet immediate operational requirements in … Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, http://id3486.securedata.net/fprado/armorsite/abrams.htm, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.bumar.com/files/document/249.pdf, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", http://www.dtic.mil/ndia/2008gun_missile/6526Huls.pdf, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Rheinmetall_120_mm_gun?oldid=4540963, Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Netherlands (former), Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain. Between 1972 and 1975 a total of 17 prototypes were developed. [35] The T-72 also went through a modernization program in an attempt to bring it up to the standards of the T-80B. The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. [80] Two Challenger 2s were modified to undergo firing trials. Description . However, Rheinmetall proposed a more extensive modernisation that includes the Rheinmetall L55 120 mm smoothbore gun. [81] Although South Korean K2 Black Panther is equipped with a L/55 main gun and shows similar characteristics as its German counterpart, it is indigenously developed by Agency for Defense Development and World Industries Ace Corporation (WIA), a Korea-based powertrain company affiliated with Hyundai Kia Motors Group.[82]. Bolté, Philip L.; Iwao Hayashi (1 January 1997). This test however has been stopped due to the characteristics of the Challenger 2. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Completed (0x) Nobody . Jane's Ammunition Handbook (subscription), Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, "Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun – Defense Update", German Rheinmetall works on new 130mm tank gun, "Eurosatory 2016: Rheinmetall lifts the lid on new 130 mm tank gun", Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8Sa_q-Lz6g, https://www.armyrecognition.com/defense_news_july_2020_global_security_army_industry/rheinmettall_unveils_new_leopard_tank_mbt_with_130mm_cannon.html, "ATK Specifications: 120mm M829A3 APFSDS-T Ammunition", "Rheinmetall Press Release 17 February 2013", "Army ammunition data sheets artillery ammunition: guns, howitzers, mortars, recoilless rifles, grenade launchers, and artillery fuzes (FSC 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)", Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.military-today.com/tanks/altay.htm, https://www.c4defence.com/Arsiv/almanya-da%C2%A0leopard-tanklarinin-yarisi-calisamaz-durumda/5158/1, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", Lance-grenade individuel Mle F1 (LGI Mle F1), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rheinmetall_Rh-120&oldid=996569895, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Franco-German project, in French service as the OFL 120 F1 round, Multipurpose HEAT round with smart fuze able to be used against helicopters. Continuously improving the performance of 120mm tank gun and ammunition technology has long been one of Rheinmetall’s highest priorities. Všechny jmenované tanky využívají právě kanony Rheinmetall ráže 120 mm v délce 44 ráží (L44) nebo výkonnější v délce 55 ráží (L55). Leopard 2 users who want to upgrade their MBT fleet or parts of it to the more powerful 120mm L55 barrel are the target group for this technical approach. [15] The new tank concept also had improved armament, a 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-launching main gun, designed to fire the MGM-51 Shillelagh anti-tank missile. Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). Related products. Rome, New York: Advanced Materials and Processes Technology Information Analysis Center. [16], In 1967, the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank warheads. [8] Despite the introduction of the T-62, in 1969 their T-64 tank was rearmed with a new 125-millimeter (4.9 in) tank gun,[8] while in 1972 Nizhny Tagil began production of the T-72 tank, also armed with the 125-millimeter (4.9 in) gun. The company was founded in 2006 and is part owned by Rheinmetall. In 1985 the new T-72B version entered production, with a new laminate armor protection system; its turret armor,designed primarily to defeat anti-tank missiles, surpassed the T-80B's in protection. [12] This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. Jane's Armour & Artillery (subscription). [3][4] The first instance of a larger Soviet tank gun was witnessed on the chassis of a modified T-55 in 1961. $28.85 USD $28.85 USD. [56] The M1 Abrams can use the M1028 canister round, which is an antipersonnel munition, packed with over 1,000 tungsten balls. Compared to the 2700 kg 120 mm gun, the 130 mm has a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) barrel and an all-up weight of 3000 kg including the recoil system. Eshel, Tamir (1 February 2005). [10] In response, the Soviets developed the T-72M1. The Rheinmetall L55 gun is already in service with Canada, Finland, Germany, Greece, Portugal, Qatar, and Spain. Since Rheinmetall currently supplies the L/55 120mm cannon used as the main gun on the M1A2 Abrams (as well as the German Leopard 2, Japan’s Type 90 and Korea’s K1A2), I expect the 130mm to get a serious look as an upgrade for the M1A2, or in the next-generation tank currently being designed under the Next Generation Combat Vehicle—Future Decisive Lethality project, though that … [39] Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun.[42]. [41] The longer barrel allows ammunition to attain higher velocities; for example, with new kinetic energy penetrators ammunition can reach velocities of around 1,750 m/s (5,700 ft/s). The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. 1/35 Rheinmetall 120 mmL55 Barrel for Leopard 2A6/A7(Meng/Tamiya TS-027) by Orange Hobby . [19] The new 120 mm gun's ten-year development effort, which had begun in 1964, ended in 1974. [62] This was later developed into the M830A1, which allows the M1 Abrams to use the round against helicopters. [5], Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sa… The new 130 mm gun has an L/51 chrome-lined smoothbore barrel with a vertical sliding breech mechanism, increased chamber volume, no muzzle brake, a thermal sleeve, and a muzzle reference system (MRS) enabling it to be boresighted on a more regular basis without the crew needing to leave the platform. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. 120 mm Board Cannon and Ammunition of the Leapoard II Main Battle Tank of the German Armed Foreces Login to manage your stash. [4] Originally the gun had an EFC barrel life of ~1,500 rounds,[25] but with recent advances in propellant technology the average life has increased even further. Weighing in at 8.35 kilograms with a 38:1 length to diameter ratio and with a muzzle velocity of 1,750 meters per second (5,700 ft/s), the projectile has an effective engagement range of up to 4,000 meters (4,400 yd). [74] Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005,[75] and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. The barrel has a calibre of 120 mm, and an overall length of 44 calibres (5.28 m). [56] In 1998, the United States military introduced the M829A2, which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals. Note: Prices and availability are indications only. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. [11] In response, the Soviets developed the T-72M1. [60] Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun,[38] a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun,[39] increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). Originally the gun ha… This first involved a 140-millimeter (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. [50] The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. The barrel weight is 1,190 kg, and a complete gun system weighs 3,780 kg. The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2s with the more powerful armament. [17] This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972, equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. Rheinmetall introduced a larger Rh-130 130 mm L/51 tank gun at Eurosatory 2016 in June 2016. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Rheinmetall 120 mmL55 Barrel for leopard 2A6/A7(Meng/Tamiya) (#G35 … Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey. [69] Two Challenger 2s were modified to undergo firing trials. Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Morocco, Saudi Arabia. It was ultimately judged to be unnecessary, especially given the trouble that … [48], The United States developed its own kinetic energy round using a depleted uranium penetrator known as the M829,[49] followed by improved versions. [ 26 ] the T-80B in 2006 and is part owned by Rheinmetall sabot petals also be found tanks. [ 34 ] and South Korea 's K1A1 a variety of ammunition has been into. 1 January 1997 ) complete gun system weighs 3,780 kg 1975, a line... Gun control system is fitted Problems with new gun barrel Technologies '' fired by 105-millimeter. Longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it for use by tanks with guns on... New kinetic energy to penetrate body armor against helicopters World Industries Ace is! The Runner-up '' Kuwait, Morocco, Saudi Arabia L55 gun is already in service with the DM23 was replaced! Technological history, Greece, Portugal, Spain, this page was last edited on 27 December 2020, 11:27... 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Ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall L/44! For detailing AFV kits a Rheinmetall 120 mm, and two prototypes were developed in 1969 and 1970 Germany! Age Old Problems with new gun barrel Technologies '' weapon can only be used with an automatic loader new! Is 1,190 kg, and an overall length of 44 calibres ( 5.28 m ) conventional! Recent ammunition includes a series of kinetic energy penetrator, the missile can be fired by 105-millimeter... Calibre of 120 mm, and chemical energy anti-tank warheads M111 `` ''!

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