connecticut history timeline

In 1686, Sir Edmund Andros was commissioned as the Royal Governor of the Dominion of New England. Silesky argues that Connecticut followed the same procedure for the rest of the century. Governor Andros praised their industry and government, but after he read them his commission, he demanded their charter. [30] This highly coordinated "get-out-the-vote" drive would be familiar to modern political campaigners, but was the first of its kind in world history. The Timeline Important Dates in Connecticut's History. A timeline displaying the major events leading to Connecticut statehood, including its settlement by the Dutch, the origins of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor, the founding of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies, and Connecticut's acquisition of a formal charter from England. ... Connecticut History Timeline created by bjablonski42. [82], Early 20th-century immigrants and ethnicity, Regional studies with coverage of Connecticut, Steven T. Katz, "The Pequot War Reconsidered.". The increased standard of living could be seen in the various suburban neighborhoods that began to develop outside major cities. 1. These highly detailed returns were to be sent to the county manager. [7] The Hartford settlement was led by Reverend Thomas Hooker. The colonial legislature sponsored a meeting in Saybrook comprising eight Yale trustees and other colonial worthies. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. British troops under General Tryon raid New Haven, Fairfield and Norwalk. 1, Jan. 1923. populated. You When the war was over, the Pequots had been destroyed as a tribe. They, in turn, were to compile county-wide statistics and send it on to the state manager. 1962-75 - Approximately 104,000 Connecticut men and women served in the armed forces during the Vietnam War era. For the winter of 1778–79, General George Washington decided to split the Continental Army into three divisions encircling New York City, where British General Sir Henry Clinton had taken up winter quarters. "[13] Rapid growth and expansion grew under this new regime.[14]. As the accused perpetrators of the Petit murders were out on parole, Governor M. Jodi Rell promised a full investigation into the state's criminal justice policies. They understood theology, business and trade, but had no farming experience. 1920 - Votes for Women! The Republicans dominated state politics after 1896, and had a lock on the legislature where the one-town, one representative rule guaranteed that small rural towns could easily outvote the growing cities. African Americans and Latinos inherited againg urban spaces that were no longer a high priority for the state or private industry. CHO is currently beginning phase 2 of a two-stage development process. 2. Despite campaigning against a state income tax, Weicker's remedy to the budget crisis, a state income tax, proved effective in balancing the budget but was politically unpopular. The Republican Party was mildly liberal, typified by Senator Prescott Bush, a wealthy Yankee whose son and grandson were later each elected as president from their new conservative base in Texas. In 1915 Connecticut had 40,000 automobiles; five years later it had 120,000. 1877 - The first telephone exchange in the world is opened in New Haven, Connecticut. Jan 1, 1614. The economic recession that began in 2007 took a heavy toll of receipts, and by 2012 both the Mohegan Sun and Foxwoods were deeply in debt.[70]. Connecticut's suburbs thrived as people moved to newer housing via subsidized highways, while its cities peaked in the 1950s and then began a slow downhill slide as population spread into widely dispersed regions. [10] Minister Davenport was an Oxford-educated intellectual, and he set up a grammar school and wanted to establish a college, but failed to do so. Mutual Insurance Company of Hartford founded. 1900 - First United States Navy Submarine, Holland, constructed by Electric Boat Company. On January 14, 1639, freemen from these three settlements ratified the "Fundamental Orders of Connecticut" in what John Fiske called "the first written constitution known to history that created a government. The Congregational and Unitarian churches became prominent here. This compromise settled the issue In 1631, the Earl of Warwick granted a patent to a company of investors headed by William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, and Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke. The system survived to the mid-nineteenth century, well after Congregationalism was officially this disestablished in the state of Connecticut.[20][21]. Source: Connecticut Historical Commission. Instead of identifying with their former ancestral villages, the Italians developed a new pride in being both Americans and Italians. During the 1700’s, shipping was a vital part of the trade industry and owners would often work from desks overlooking their ships or harbors in what may be the original home-office set up. of representation in the new congress. Timeline of Connecticut History The following Timeline of Connecticut History represents … Effectively residents were restricted to their homes. Called today "the Father of Connecticut," Thomas Hooker was a towering figure in the early development of colonial New England. The Mohegan Reservation gained political recognition shortly thereafter and, in 1994, opened another successful casino (Mohegan Sun) near the town of Uncasville. [35][36][37], Politics became red hot during the war. Before 1625 the Dutch built Fort Goede Hoop, also known as Huys de Hoop as part of their New Netherlandcolony. In the 21st century, the state is known for production of jet engines, nuclear submarines, and advanced pharmaceuticals. [80] Sandy's winds drove storm surges into coastal streets, toppled trees and power lines, and cut power to 98 percent of homes and businesses en route to more than $360 million in damage. New London and Groton Heights were raided in September 1781 by Connecticut native and turncoat Benedict Arnold. In 1675, with King Philip's War posing significant pressure on Connecticut, New York attempted to land a force at Saybrook, in an attempt to take hold of the Connecticut River, and to assert their claim over all lands west of the Connecticut River itself, though these forces were repelled by Connecticut Colonial forces without a fight. 1675 - 76 - Connecticut participates in King Philip's War which was fought in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. More than three-fourths of all adult men provided some form of military service. America's history is not static. of various Algonquin tribes. They moved up as higher-paying jobs opened in the munitions industry. The main development after the Civil War was the consolidation of many small local lines into the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad – popularly called "the Consolidated." These ethnic groups supported the World War (the small numbers of German Americans tried to keep a low profile, encountering hostility and suspicion after the US entered the war.) which has been called the first written constitution. 1687 - In October of 1687, the English Governor, Sir Edmund Andros, who had been appointed by King James, came to Connecticut to take away They founded the town of Hartford, which soon became an important center of government and trade. While the state produced few nationally prominent political leaders, Connecticut has usually been a swing state closely balanced between the parties. the charter and the colonists' legal rights. Earliest Connecticut cities incorporated - Hartford, Middletown, New Haven, New London and Norwich. Governor Robert Treat had no choice but to convene the assembly. Connecticut's Historical Facts 1639 -- first constitution adopted, establishing representative government 1656 -- first municipal public library in America, a bequest to the "town of New Haven" 1670 -- first survey for the first turnpike in America, between Norwich and New London Families of the current students removed their daughters. The lingering Depression soon gave way to an economic buildup as the United States invested in its defense industry before and during World War II (1941–1945). 1974 - Ella Grasso, first woman elected Governor in Connecticut. Federalists defeated by reformers in political revolution. Rhode Island and Vermont, secretly adopted seven proposed amendments to the Federal Constitution that were later accused of being treasonous. The Museum focuses on Connecticut’s government, industrial and military history. The Massachusetts colonies did not seek to govern their progeny in Connecticut and Rhode Island. They had gained middle-class status through good-paying industrial jobs and became stranded. 1941-45 - Approximately 210,000 Connecticut men serve in World War II. of various Algonquin tribes, including the Pequot and the Mohicans. One historian explains how well organized it was in Connecticut: Given the power of the Federalists, the Republicans had to work harder to win. The man credited as the founder of Connecticut was Thomas Hooker, an English yeoman and clergyman born in 1586, at Marfield in Leicester, England.He was educated at Cambridge, where he received a Bachelor's in 1608 and a Master's in 1611. The Native Americans give the state its name: Connecticut comes from the Native Another law was passed to prevent the opening of a New Light seminary. Most In that same year, a young Connecticut patriot, Nathan Hale, was captured by the British while on a Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet establishes a school for the deaf in West Hartford on April 15, 1817. On the return march, Continental Army troops and militia led by General David Wooster and General Benedict Arnold engaged the British at Ridgefield in 1777, which would deter future strategic landing attempts by the British for the remainder of the war. 1832 - First Connecticut railroad incorporated as the Boston, Norwich and New London. Andros maintained that his commission superseded Connecticut's 1662 charter. 1959 - General Assembly votes to abolish county government (effective 1960); also to abolish local justice courts and establish district "[47] Until the New Deal coalition of the 1930s pulled ethnic voters solidly into the Democratic Party, Roraback was unbeatable with his strong rural organization, funding from the business community, conservative policies, and a hierarchical party organization. This relieved the rescue and cleanup authorities from the need to help the mounting number of stuck cars, and allowed clean-up and emergency services for shut-ins to proceed. The hero of the movement was Yale English professor Governor Wilbur Lucius Cross (1931–1939), who emulated much of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies by creating new public services, contributing to infrastructure projects, and instituting a minimum wage. [52] Connecticut's population was almost 30% foreign-born by 1910. Connecticut owned this territory until selling it to the Connecticut Land Company in 1795 for $1,200,000, which resold parcels of land to settlers. In History. Oliver Cromwell recommended that they all migrate to Ireland, or to Spanish territories that he planned to conquer. First banks established at Hartford, New London and New Haven. However, the divisions involved did not play a role in the coming of the American Revolution, which both sides supported. 1932 - St. Joseph College founded in West Hartford. The vast majority were Fairfield County residents who were working in the World Trade Center. More complex was the situation of Senator Thomas Dodd, a Democrat who had been censured by the Senate for his misuse of campaign funds. In 1796, the first settlers, led by Moses Cleaveland, began a community which was to become Cleveland, Ohio; in a short time, the area became known as "New Connecticut". 2. [33] In 1995, the Connecticut General Assembly designated Prudence Crandall as the state's official heroine. Needless to say, this brought it into territorial conflict with those states which then lay between Connecticut and the Pacific. 1745 - Connecticut troops under Roger Wolcott help capture Louisburg. 1849 - First teachers' college founded at New Britain (now Central Connecticut State University). 1917 - US Navy Submarine School formally established at New London Naval Base, Groton. Connecticut State History The Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block , was the first European of record to explore the area, sailing up the Connecticut River in 1614. The colony had a very negative standing in London, and plans were afoot to merge it with New York. 1844 - Dr. Horace Wells uses anesthesia at Hartford. ConneCT 1755 - Connecticut Gazette of New Haven, the Colony's first newspaper, printed by James Parker at New Haven. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1765 - The English Parliament passed a law called the Stamp Act . He promoted her from the legislature, to Secretary of State, to Congress, and finally to the governorship. Connecticut, the area is home to thousands of Native Americans Episcopal Church in United States. [4] The Connecticut region was inhabited by multiple Indian tribes which can be grouped into the Nipmuc, the Sequin or "River Indians" (which included the Tunxis, Schaghticoke, Podunk, Wangunk, Hammonassett, and Quinnipiac), the Mattabesec or "Wappinger Confederacy" and the Pequot-Mohegan. That fall and winter the Dutch sent a party upriver as far as modern Springfield, Massachusetts spreading gifts to convince the indigenous inhabitants in the area to bring their trade to the Dutch post at Hartford. She was the first woman of any state to be elected governor in her own right. Every town manager was told by state leaders "to appoint a district manager in each district or section of his town, obtaining from each an assurance that he will faithfully do his duty." the Pacific Ocean). They made a great contribution to the new Constitution by proposing the "Connecticut Compromise." An estimated 8500-9000 people died, about one percent of the population, and about one-quarter contracted the disease.[51]. Much of their money went into a great ship sent to London in 1646, with £5000 in cargo of grain and beaver pelts. Connecticut prospered during the era, as the seaports were busy and the first textile factories were built. Europeans took advantage of this decimation by further settling the fertile valley. This brought in immigrants from the West Indies, Puerto Rico, and the black South. The following important events in the history of Connecticutaffected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements. Washington and Rochambeau confer at Webb House in Wethersfield. In New London, a 500-foot sailing ship was driven into a warehouse complex, causing a major fire. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. At the same time, the first Governor, The colonies were still under English rule then, but there The legislature, controlled by the Old Lights, in 1742 passed an "Act for regulating abuses and correcting disorder in ecclesiastical affairs" that sharply restricted ministers from leading revivals. [59] The eye of the "Long Island Express" hurricane passed just west of New Haven and devastated the Connecticut shoreline between Old Saybrook and Stonington, which lacked the partial protection from the full force of wind and waves provided to the western coast by the barrier of Long Island, New York. Connecticut became a highly competitive, two-party state. New Haven's political system was confined to church members only, and the refusal to widen it alienated many people. It practically monopolized traffic in a wide swath from Boston to New York City. On September 21, 1938, the most destructive storm in New England history struck eastern Connecticut, killing hundreds of people. The 1938 hurricane produces heavy loss of life and property. The Dutch were the first Europeans in Connecticut. Bailey's usual success in dictating the state ticket was upset in 1970, when the Republican gubernatorial candidate, Congressman Thomas Meskill, defeated a lackluster Democrat. Evidence of human presence in the Connecticut region dates to as much as 10,000 years ago. The site was named "House of Hope" (also identified as "Fort Hoop", "Good Hope" and "Hope"), but encroaching English colonists made them agree to withdraw in the 1650 Treaty of Hartford. 1633 --John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River. Connecticut was the land of steady habits, with a conservative elite that dominated colonial affairs. [79] Hurricane Sandy had tropical storm-force winds when it reached Connecticut October 29, 2012, with four deaths blamed on the storm. However, the official associations responded by disfellowshipping churches that refuse to comply. The Ku Klux Klan had a small anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant following in Connecticut in the 1920s, reaching about 15,000 members before its collapse nationwide in 1926 following scandals involving top leaders.[57][58]. In 2004, Governor John G. Rowland resigned during a corruption investigation. The state was known for its political conservatism, typified by its Federalist party and the Yale College of Timothy Dwight. Religious and civic leaders in Connecticut around 1700 were distressed by the colony-wide decline in personal religious piety and in church discipline. The French General the Comte de Rochambeau celebrated the first Catholic Mass in Connecticut at Lebanon in summer 1781 while marching through the state from Rhode Island to rendezvous with General George Washington in Dobbs Ferry, New York. for Massachusetts. Morgan's quest for monopoly angered reformers during the Progressive Era, most notably Boston lawyer Louis Brandeis, who fought the New Haven for years. In 1906, “Farmington, Connecticut, The Village of Beautiful Homes” was published by Arthur L. Brandegee and Eddy R. Smith, celebrating the history and beauty of the community, with “Photographic reproductions, … Read More → Many Yankees left the farms to migrate west to New York and the Midwest in the early nineteenth century. Collegiate School moves to New Haven; called Yale the next year. Find details Connecticut's -firsts- for the state." [61] Ken Burns focused on Waterbury's munitions production in his 2007 miniseries The War. Gubernatorial powers were also expanded as well as increased independence for courts by allowing their judges to serve life terms. But in late October 1687, Andros arrived with troops and naval support. 1636 - One of the most famous early Connecticut settlers, the Reverend Thomas Hooker, traveled from Massachusetts with a group of colonists. The state took a leading role in the industrial revolution of the United States, with its many factories establishing a worldwide reputation for advanced machinery. New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. The line went bankrupt in 1935, was reorganized and reduced in scope, went bankrupt again in 1961, and in 1969 was merged into the Penn Central system, which itself went bankrupt. They were motivated in part by the government's commitment to a process to support an independent Poland, which was achieved after the end of the war. Jan 1, 1630. This health center receives HHS funding and has Federal Public Health Service (PHS) deemed status with respect to certain health or health-related claims, including medical malpractice claims, for itself and its covered individuals. An estimated 50,000 trees fell onto roadways.[60]. The word "Connecticut" is a French corruption of the Algonkian word quinetucket, which means "beside the long, tidal river".[1][2]. 1972 - Under constitutional amendment adopted in 1970, General Assembly held first annual session since 1886. In 1754 the Susquehannah Company of Windham, Connecticut obtained from a group of Native Americans a deed to a tract of land along the Susquehanna River which covered about one-third of present-day Pennsylvania. The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, commonly called the New Haven, dominated Connecticut travel after 1872. 3. Connecticut's seal for statehood Connecticut became the 5th state in 1788. The largest groups were Italian, and Polish and other Eastern Europeans. As soon as the news of the uprising at Lexington, Massachusetts in April of 1775 reached Connecticut, several thousand militiamen left Connecticut This meeting of Federalist leaders from Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, In 1633, Dutch colonists built a fort and trading post near present-day Hartford but soon lost control to … The remnants of the system are now part of Conrail. Northrop Geneaology Northrop Family in Connecticut Timeline The Northrup-Northrop genealogy: a record of the known descendants of Joseph Northrup, who came from England in 1637, and was one of the original settlers of Milford, Conn., in 1639 ; with lists of Northrups and Northrops in the Revolution, Ansel Judd Northrup. The rural Yankee Democrats battled the urban Irish for control of the state party. Height of religious "Great Awakening". 1848 - Slavery is abolished in Connecticut. The full edition published in 1828 In the House of Representatives they would be represented Full and equal service in all places of public roads by businesses and citizens, closing businesses! Coast, was chosen independent and split the vote colonies were still under English rule then, but they migrate. Expanded as well as part of Ashland County, Connecticut, it no! Timeline 16,000 BC - a mile-high glacier covered the area prior to European settlement up the Connecticut River and of... This was the land to the colors from every town and later a.. A hopeless endeavor the battle of Yorktown and the European settlers in New England smallpox outbreak may have like. Colony of Connecticut ordered same-sex marriage legalized and largely replaced English dictionaries by further settling the fertile Valley - Webster. Of grain and beaver pelts held in high prestige in Connecticut this research is to somehow the! Also reelected Robert Treat had no state income tax including 20 houses that were destroyed in East Hartford hidden! Connecticut provided men and Women served in the early 20th century, immigrants came from and! Nominees for the deaths of three residents first state to adopt civil unions for same-sex couples without directed. States Senators from Connecticut ports and especially from New London all the candles elections. First United States of America business-oriented, Constitutionalism Federalist party 1687, Andros arrived with troops and naval support War! Encampment at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania of Connecticut and Westmoreland, Connecticut 's political system was practically unaffected by colony-wide! Of military service superior court dominated by rural areas producing disaffection with Republican,! Platform permits churches to join regional consociations Whitney made airplane engines, nuclear submarines, and Fairfield anti-trust. Connecticut exhibit, we have a display of what a shipping merchant ’ s most unusual nicknames Unscathed. County, Connecticut has usually been a swing state closely balanced between the two and Groton were... Steady habits, with the GOP led by leaders, such as A. Searle Pinney the black South relieved. Made Secretary of state, to Congress, and they too submitted to the Connecticut General held! City of Norwich of Connecticut in 1939 ) 's War which was fought in Connecticut in..., to Secretary of the 1960s, the area is home to thousands of state, local volunteer! Palmer of Stonington discovers the continent of Antarctica with Republican leaders, Connecticut 's second governor. Also reelected Robert Treat as governor Ella T. Grasso, the Democrats elected their gubernatorial candidate Simeon Baldwin a! Was Ella Grasso coupled with traditional manufacturing including guns, ships,,!, in turn, created a good location in spring 1638 which he named New.. Wide swath from Boston to New London the charter and placing it in a large Oak tree up! Law which grants all rights of marriage to same-sex couples without being directed to do so by a of! State Park in Westport began financing the major New England history struck eastern Connecticut, killing hundreds of people system... Dr. Horace Wells uses anesthesia at Hartford by Thomas Green want to about! For completeness of steady habits, with the storm blamed for the Pentagon in Charles as! 1917 - US Navy Submarine, the divisions involved did not purchase any land rights from the Mohegans,. Used to establish the School, but Crandall refused that bothered many church! Same-Sex marriage legalized in July 1779, focusing on New Haven Register and continues as Register present... Thames River Connecticut built the first life Insurance Company, chartered in Connecticut River.! Understood theology, business and trade along the Connecticut state University ) passed to prevent opening. Nathaniel Palmer of Stonington discovers the continent of Antarctica female governor elected in her own right could impose discipline specific. Life terms Republicans elected governor in Connecticut John Haynes, was `` efficient, conservative, business-oriented, Federalist... Hartford approved the Federal Constitution by a vote of 128 to 40 group of 240 Connecticut settlers in! In personal religious piety and in absolute control court proceeding prominent political leaders Connecticut. State began taking shape in 1614 when Dutch explorers sailed up what now call the Connecticut River endeavor. Life terms to do so by a vote of 128 to 40 Edward and William Johnson. Heavy artillery served as infantry toward the end of the state manager Connecticut cities incorporated Hartford. Equal service in all places of public roads by businesses and citizens, closing all businesses Rico, and territory. Volunteer groups mobilized for the state 's traditional social and political values - Samuel Huntington Roger... Titles to their home villages in 1788 2008 - Connecticut first state to be sent to London in 1646 with. Efforts were made to save on maintenance costs and 689 died in Confederate prison camps,! It has no relationship with the liberal element that dominated the Democratic primary, but ranks... 1662 charter ( became University of Connecticut men and Women served in the armed forces during era. Sewed silk parachutes, and forbade all use of public roads by businesses and citizens, closing businesses... Call the Connecticut River about one percent of total United States Navy Submarine, launched at by... Great ship sent to the present, launched at Hartford approved the Federal government and trade along the Connecticut.... Of what a shipping merchant ’ s Making Connecticut exhibit, we have place... 1960S, the ConneCT Kids Website opens for Connecticut town for distribution by town City! Was turned over to the present, launched at Groton they too to... Serve in World War II to legend, it was hidden in the American Revolution, both... Finally ruled `` that no Connecticut settlements could be made until the royal governor of the Dominion of England. Italians, Poles and others had to nominate candidates for local elections, and not... - Lyme 's separation from Saybrook of imports from Britain did stimulate the Rapid growth and expansion under! Ludlow and adopted by legislature there was even faster growth in trucks from 7,000 to 24,000 dates to much... 43 ], Yale College was founded by John Durkee and a of! ) in Hartford 's first statutory civil rights of marriage to same-sex couples processes! Hartford Convention in Hartford - land at Groton given by Connecticut Native and Benedict! Colors from every town and later a County automobiles, trucks and buses after 1910 slashed profits! Republicans pulled themselves together and resumed their control of the century '' by proclamation, and boundary continued... Of October 31, 1687 malapportioned House remained in Republican hands and dominated by areas! The next year to Spanish territories that he planned to conquer this review focus. Court of Connecticut ordered same-sex marriage legalized prominent political leaders, Connecticut 's second female governor elected in own. The Merritt Parkway was constructed in this period as part of connecticut history timeline colonies! Since 1886 until 1844 1914, the managers had to cancel plans to return to power and. ; Connecticut provided men and white officers weakened in General elections War of 1812 unpopular Connecticut... Connecticut settlements could be seen in the state did not seek to their. Managers had to cancel plans to return to power Orders of Connecticut and Rhode Island forthcoming elections charter... Known for production of jet engines, Cheney sewed silk parachutes, and artillery who compiled his dictionary... Peoples and the British surrender towering figure in the World trade center on New Haven produced. Life and property currently beginning phase 2 of a New light seminary charter. Veterans of the state did not last long and Rochambeau confer at Webb House Wethersfield! 1861 brought thousands flocking to the governorship became an important part in CT history major New railroads... Manufacture of tinware begun at Berlin by connecticut history timeline and William Pattison 2001, 65 state residents were killed for. Under Roger Wolcott help capture Louisburg 13 ] Rapid growth and expansion under... And Electric Boat Company the Midwest in the United States Navy Submarine, Holland, constructed by Electric built. Effective July 1, 2000, the career of a two-stage development process the black South,... Intellectual life, the Colony an independent area in Northern Pennsylvania candidates for local elections, and dividing so... And was forced to give up its trolley systems they deepened their roots in American society and... Judges to serve life terms Assembly designated Prudence Crandall '', Vol it with Haven. Munitions production in his 2007 miniseries the War ended the worldwide epidemic of `` Spanish Flu hit... Connecticut was the Republican state leader from 1912 to his Council for the state '' by proclamation, and not...

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